About Brain Diseases

Mental illnesses and substance use disorders are biologically based brain disorders.

One out of five people in America has a mental illness (more than two million Ohioans), yet less than one-third of affected adults and one-half of children receive treatment. Mental illnesses are biologically based brain disorders. They cannot be overcome through willpower and are not related to a person's character or intelligence. They are medical conditions that disrupt a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, behavior, daily functioning and ability to relate to others. People affected can be of any age, race, religion or income.

In the U.S., there are approximately 65 million Americans with substance use disorders. Some of people have a higher risk of developing a substance use disorder than others due to genetics. substance use disorders can significantly interfere with the functioning of our brains.and can cause difficulties in meeting major responsibilities at work, school or home.

The Global Burden of Disease study, conducted by the World Health Organization, the World Bank and Harvard University, reported that mental illness is second only to cardiovascular disease in regard to burden (i.e., years of life lost to premature death or disability). The cost of leaving mental illnesses untreated is immense.

When mental health services are inaccessible to those in need, the impact is felt in all areas of Ohio’s economy and society:

  • Missed educational opportunities and failure in school (58 percent of children with mental illness do not graduate from high school.)
  • Lost productivity and unemployment (Employees who are depressed are twice as likely to miss work and seven times more likely to be less productive on the job. Yet, treatment for clinical depression has a high success rate.)
  • Increased crime and incarceration (More than half of Ohio’s inmates have some type of mental illness; 12 percent are diagnosed with a severe mental illness. Most youth in juvenile justice facilities have a diagnosable mental disorder.)
  • Inappropriate use of hospital emergency departments (Comprehensive community-based mental health services can cut public hospital admissions and lengths of stay.)
  • Premature death, including suicide (In Ohio, more than 1,300 lives are lost to suicide each year.)

Without treatment, the consequences of behavioral health disorders for the individual and society are staggering: disability, unemployment, elf-medication, homelessness, incarceration, suicide and other types of premature death.

The good news about mental illness and substance use disorder is that recovery is possible. Early identification and treatment is of vital importance. Recovery and resiliency enable adults and children with serious mental illness or substance use disorder to recover and live, work and participate fully in their communities. Most people diagnosed with a behavioral health disorders can experience relief from their symptoms by actively participating in an individual treatment plan.

Society stands to gain from making the same commitment to behavioral health treatment that it makes to other medical conditions.