Describes the combination of mental health and chemical dependency services.
Interventions and services that have been evaluated and have demonstrated good outcomes for mental health consumers. In general, best practices are approaches that
1) are judged to be exemplary
2) have been developed or based on systematic processes
3) are designed to produce successful outcomes and
4) have undergone rigorous evaluation and research.
Block Grant funds are provided in a lump sum for a broad range of related activities with less precise purposes and are subject to relatively few regulations, with some approval required for expenditure.
One of the 50 community mental health boards established by Ohio Revised Code, Chapter 340.03, to provide local planning, management and funding of mental health services in Ohio at the local level.
Business associate agreement (BAA)
An agreement between a covered entity and a person or organization that performs a function or activity on behalf of a covered entity but is not part of the covered entity's workforce. A business associate can also be a covered entity in its own right.
Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation within the Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities state agency.
A belief that is false, fanciful or derived from deception. In psychiatry, a false belief strongly held in spite of evidence that it is not true, especially as a symptom of a mental illness.
A condition of declining mental abilities, especially memory. Individuals with dementia may have trouble doing things they used to do such as keeping the checkbook, driving a car safely or planning a meal. They often have trouble finding the right word and may become confused when given too many things to do at one time. Individuals with dementia may also experience changes in personality, becoming aggressive, paranoid or depressed.
Sedatives that act on the CNS (e.g. to treat anxiety, high blood pressure, tension, etc.)
An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way a person eats, sleeps, feels about himself or herself, and thinks about things, marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness and sometimes suicidal thoughts or attempts to commit suicide.
an analog of a restricted drug that has psychoactive properties.
Short for detoxification, usually from an addictive drug such as alcohol or heroin. A detox center is designed to promote the recovery of a person from an addiction.
Diagnosable Mental Illness
Any mental illness or mental disorder, including those that have not yet received a formal diagnosis from a medical or mental health professional. Sometimes referred to as a “brain disorder.”
A disorder marked by a separation from or interruption of a person’s fundamental aspects of waking consciousness, such as personal identity or personal history. The dissociative aspect in any form is thought to be a coping mechanism stemming from trauma of some kind. The individual literally dissociates or separates from a situation or experience that is too traumatic to integrate with the conscious self. There are many forms of dissociative disorders:
Dissociative amnesia: Characterized by blocking out critical information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature. The amnesia may be localized to a specific window of time; selective, allowing the patient to remember only small parts of events that took place in a defined period of time; generalizedto the patient’s entire life; or systematized, in which the loss of memory is related to a specific category of information.
Dissociative fugue: A rare disorder in which an individual suddenly and unexpectedly takes physical leave of his or her surroundings and sets off on a journey of some kind. Individuals in a fugue state are unaware of or confused about their identities. Rarely, these individuals will assume a new identity.
Dissociative identity disorder: Previously known as multiple personality disorder. Individuals with DID have more than one distinct identity or personality state that surfaces on a recurring basis.
An important neurotransmitter (messenger) in the brain.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the handbook most often used for diagnosing mental disorders
The presence of a substance abuse or chemical dependency diagnosis with a coexisting psychiatric disorder.
Stands for (driving under influence) (of alcohol or another illicit substance that impairs one's ability to drive)
In mental health, diagnosing and treating mental illnesses early in their development. Studies have shown early intervention can result in higher recovery rates.
A serious disturbance in eating behavior, such as extreme and unhealthy reduction of food intake or severe overeating. Usually accompanied by feelings of distress or extreme concern about body shape or weight. Eating disorders, which are treatable, usually develop in adolescence or early adulthood and frequently co-occur with other psychiatric disorders such as depression, substance abuse and anxiety disorders. Eating disorders can lead to serious physical health complications including heart
conditions and kidney failure, which may lead to death. The main types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.
Involves a comprehensive assessment that includes a physical exam, medical history, and other tests supervised by a physician specializing in addiction medicine.
Refers to treatment guidelines that can be supported by quality clinical research.
Mentally Ill Chemical Abuser (MICA)
Refers to programs for those who are dually diagnosed
A major sedative/pain reliever found in opium
A neurotransmitter that has been implicated in states of consciousness, mood, depression and anxiety.
Drugs that produce a euphoric effect (e.g. stimulants, amphetamines)
Severe and excruciating physical and emotional symptoms that generally occur between 4 to 72 hours after opiate withdrawal (e.g., watery eyes, yawning, loss of appetite, panic, insomnia, vomiting, shaking, irritability, jitters, etc.)
Combined reactions or behaviors that result from the abrupt cessation of a drug one is dependent on